Is weed legal in Ohio?

Is weed legal in Ohio

As of November 2015, medicinal usage of marijuana is permitted in Ohio. However, the use of the drug for pleasure is still prohibited. Continue reading to learn all you need about marijuana laws in Ohio, including medical and recreational use. If any new information becomes available, we’ll be sure to update this article!


In Ohio, the decriminalization of marijuana possession occurred in 1975. The state legislature recently reduced the penalties for possessing small amounts of marijuana. Possession of any quantity of marijuana was a felony crime under the previous law, which carried a penalty of up to 10 years in prison.

After decriminalization, the maximum penalty for possession of small amounts of pot was reduced to a $100 fine. However, this did not make marijuana legal in Ohio. Although the drug is still classified as a Schedule I narcotic, it has a high potential for abuse and no recognized medical use.

Medical Marijuana (2016)

In 2016, Ohio legalized medical marijuana. Under the law, patients with certain medical conditions may take marijuana for therapeutic purposes. Cancer, HIV/AIDS, chronic pain, and multiple sclerosis are the impairments that qualify patients for medical marijuana cards.

People who wish to use medical marijuana must first get a recommendation from a licensed doctor. After receiving their card, they can purchase marijuana at state-licensed dispensaries.

Recreational Marijuana (Not Yet Legal)

As of right now, recreational marijuana use is not legal in Ohio. Possessing small amounts of pot can still lead to a $100 fine, and possessing larger amounts can result in jail time. People have debated whether to change the law and make recreational marijuana legal in Ohio.

For example, a bill was introduced in 2019 that would have made it legal for adults 21 and over. The Marijuana for Medical Purposes act did not get a vote in the House, but it shows some backing for marijuana reform in Ohio.


As of October 16, 2019, medical marijuana is legal in Ohio. The number of dispensaries allowed in the state is currently capped at 40, with a minimum of 15 and 30 dispensaries per operator.

However, the state legislature is currently working on a bill to increase dispensaries to 60. The bill has not yet been passed, but if it is, it will go into effect on January 1, 2020.

Decriminalized vs. Criminalized Possession

Decriminalizing weed in Ohio is a huge step forward, but it’s important to understand the difference between decriminalization and legalization. Decriminalization means possessing small amounts of weed is no longer a criminal offense.

This doesn’t mean you can light up a joint in public or sell weed without a license. It just means that you won’t be arrested and thrown in jail for possessing a personal amount of weed.

On the other hand, criminalized possession is still very much against the law. If you’re caught with weed in Ohio, you could face serious penalties, including jail time. So, while decriminalization is a step in the right direction, it’s important to remember that weed is still illegal in Ohio. If you are traveling to Ohia’s neighboring provision, you must know that Is weed legal in Tennessee?

Medical cannabis purchase limit

in Ohio are yet to be determined by the state Board of Pharmacy. However, patients will likely be able to purchase and possess a 90-day supply of medical cannabis.

Although recreational marijuana is still unlawful in Ohio, lawmakers are considering a bill to decriminalize small amounts of the drug. Possession of up to 100 grams (about 3.5 ounces) of cannabis will be a misdemeanor violation punishable by a fine of up to $150 if the bill passes.

Qualifying medical conditions

  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease.

The state Board may approve other conditions of Pharmacy on a case-by-case basis.

Is delta-8 THC permissible in the state of Ohio?

At this time, delta-8 THC is not specifically mentioned in the Ohio Revised Code. However, the controlled substance statute does include a catch-all provision that includes any “substance not specifically listed” as long as it meets the definition of a controlled substance. Therefore, delta-8 THC could potentially be considered illegal in Ohio.

The good news is that there has been no reported enforcement of the controlled substance statute against delta-8 THC in Ohio. So while technically it might be illegal, it seems unlikely that you would face any legal consequences for possessing or using delta-8 THC products in the state.

Is it legal to grow marijuana in Ohio?

No, it is not currently legal to grow weed in Ohio. However, the state has passed a medical marijuana program allowing patients with certain qualifying conditions to access cannabis with a doctor’s recommendation. The program is not yet operational but is expected to be up and running by September 2018.

Facing Charges for the use of cannabis

For possession of 100 grams or less, first-time offenders may be eligible for the diversion program, which would keep the charge off their record if they complete drug education classes and community service.

If caught a second time, the consequences are up to 30 days in jail and a $250 fine. If caught trafficking cannabis in Ohio, it is considered a felony with possible punishments of eight years imprisonment and/or a $15,000 fine.

In November 2015, Ohio voters resoundingly defeated a ballot initiative that would have legalized cannabis for both medical and recreational use. However, in April of this year, a new marijuana legalization bill was introduced in the state legislature.

If passed, the bill would allow adults 21 and over to possess up to an ounce of cannabis for personal use and grow up to four plants at home.

The sale of cannabis would be taxed and regulated by the state, with the revenue going towards funding public education, drug treatment programs, and law enforcement.

The bill has been endorsed by several prominent Ohioans, including former governor John Kasich. However, it faces significant opposition from lawmakers and is not expected to pass shortly.


So, is weed legal in Ohio? Unfortunately, the answer is no. However, efforts are being made to change that, and it may only be a matter of time before Buckeye State joins the growing list of states where cannabis is legal.

In the meantime, however, possession of marijuana remains a crime in Ohio. So if you’re caught with it, you could face serious penalties.

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